Preview Entity Numeric Description Codepoint
Main ISO 8859-1 characters
¡ ¡ ¡ inverted exclamation mark U+00A1
¢ ¢ ¢ cent sign U+00A2
£ £ £ pound sign U+00A3
¤ ¤ currency sign U+00A4
¥ ¥ ¥ yen sign = yuan sign U+00A5
¦ ¦ broken bar = broken vertical bar U+00A6
§ § section sign U+00A7
¨ ¨ diaeresis = spacing diaeresis U+00A8
© © copyright sign U+00A9
ª ª ª feminine ordinal indicator U+00AA
« « left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet U+00AB
¬ ¬ not sign U+00AC
­ ­ soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen U+00AD
® ® registered sign = registered trade mark sign U+00AE
¯ ¯ ¯ macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar U+00AF
° ° degree sign U+00B0
± ± plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign U+00B1
² ² ² superscript two = superscript digit two = squared U+00B2
³ ³ ³ superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed U+00B3
´ ´ acute accent = spacing acute U+00B4
µ µ micro sign U+00B5
¶ ¶ pilcrow sign = paragraph sign U+00B6
· · middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot U+00B7
¸ ¸ cedilla = spacing cedilla U+00B8
¹ ¹ ¹ superscript one = superscript digit one U+00B9
º º º masculine ordinal indicator U+00BA
» » right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet U+00BB
¼ ¼ ¼ vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter U+00BC
½ ½ ½ vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half U+00BD
¾ ¾ ¾ vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters U+00BE
¿ ¿ ¿ inverted question mark = turned question mark U+00BF
À À À latin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave U+00C0
Á Á latin capital letter A with acute U+00C1
  latin capital letter A with circumflex U+00C2
à à à latin capital letter A with tilde U+00C3
Ä Ä latin capital letter A with diaeresis U+00C4
Å Å Å latin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring U+00C5
Æ Æ Æ latin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE U+00C6
Ç Ç latin capital letter C with cedilla U+00C7
È È È latin capital letter E with grave U+00C8
É É latin capital letter E with acute U+00C9
Ê Ê Ê latin capital letter E with circumflex U+00CA
Ë Ë latin capital letter E with diaeresis U+00CB
Ì Ì Ì latin capital letter I with grave U+00CC
Í Í latin capital letter I with acute U+00CD
Î Î latin capital letter I with circumflex U+00CE
Ï Ï Ï latin capital letter I with diaeresis U+00CF
Ð Ð Ð latin capital letter ETH U+00D0
Ñ Ñ Ñ latin capital letter N with tilde U+00D1
Ò Ò Ò latin capital letter O with grave U+00D2
Ó Ó latin capital letter O with acute U+00D3
Ô Ô latin capital letter O with circumflex U+00D4
Õ Õ Õ latin capital letter O with tilde U+00D5
Ö Ö latin capital letter O with diaeresis U+00D6
× × multiplication sign U+00D7
Ø Ø Ø latin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash U+00D8
Ù Ù Ù latin capital letter U with grave U+00D9
Ú Ú latin capital letter U with acute U+00DA
Û Û Û latin capital letter U with circumflex U+00DB
Ü Ü latin capital letter U with diaeresis U+00DC
Ý Ý latin capital letter Y with acute U+00DD
Þ Þ Þ latin capital letter THORN U+00DE
ß ß latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed U+00DF
à à à latin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave U+00E0
á á latin small letter a with acute U+00E1
â â latin small letter a with circumflex U+00E2
ã ã ã latin small letter a with tilde U+00E3
ä ä latin small letter a with diaeresis U+00E4
å å å latin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring U+00E5
æ æ æ latin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae U+00E6
ç ç latin small letter c with cedilla U+00E7
è è è latin small letter e with grave U+00E8
é é latin small letter e with acute U+00E9
ê ê ê latin small letter e with circumflex U+00EA
ë ë latin small letter e with diaeresis U+00EB
ì ì ì latin small letter i with grave U+00EC
í í latin small letter i with acute U+00ED
î î latin small letter i with circumflex U+00EE
ï ï ï latin small letter i with diaeresis U+00EF
ð ð ð latin small letter eth U+00F0
ñ ñ ñ latin small letter n with tilde U+00F1
ò ò ò latin small letter o with grave U+00F2
ó ó latin small letter o with acute U+00F3
ô ô latin small letter o with circumflex U+00F4
õ õ õ latin small letter o with tilde U+00F5
ö ö latin small letter o with diaeresis U+00F6
÷ ÷ division sign U+00F7
ø ø ø latin small letter o with stroke, = latin small letter o slash U+00F8
ù ù ù latin small letter u with grave U+00F9
ú ú latin small letter u with acute U+00FA
û û û latin small letter u with circumflex U+00FB
ü ü latin small letter u with diaeresis U+00FC
ý ý latin small letter y with acute U+00FD
þ þ þ latin small letter thorn U+00FE
ÿ ÿ ÿ latin small letter y with diaeresis U+00FF
Mathematical, Greek and Symbolic characters for HTML
Latin Extended-B
ƒ ƒ ƒ latin small f with hook = function = florin U+0192
Greek
Α Α Α greek capital letter alpha U+0391
Β Β Β greek capital letter beta U+0392
Γ Γ Γ greek capital letter gamma U+0393
Δ Δ Δ greek capital letter delta U+0394
Ε Ε Ε greek capital letter epsilon U+0395
Ζ Ζ Ζ greek capital letter zeta U+0396
Η Η Η greek capital letter eta U+0397
Θ Θ Θ greek capital letter theta U+0398
Ι Ι Ι greek capital letter iota U+0399
Κ Κ Κ greek capital letter kappa U+039A
Λ Λ Λ greek capital letter lambda U+039B
Μ Μ Μ greek capital letter mu U+039C
Ν Ν Ν greek capital letter nu U+039D
Ξ Ξ Ξ greek capital letter xi U+039E
Ο Ο Ο greek capital letter omicron U+039F
Π Π Π greek capital letter pi U+03A0
Ρ Ρ Ρ greek capital letter rho U+03A1
there is no Sigmaf, and no U+03A2 character either
Σ Σ Σ greek capital letter sigma U+03A3
Τ Τ Τ greek capital letter tau U+03A4
Υ Υ Υ greek capital letter upsilon U+03A5
Φ Φ Φ greek capital letter phi U+03A6
Χ Χ Χ greek capital letter chi U+03A7
Ψ Ψ Ψ greek capital letter psi U+03A8
Ω Ω Ω greek capital letter omega U+03A9
β β β greek small letter beta U+03B2
γ γ γ greek small letter gamma U+03B3
δ δ δ greek small letter delta U+03B4
ε ε ε greek small letter epsilon U+03B5
ζ ζ ζ greek small letter zeta U+03B6
η η η greek small letter eta U+03B7
θ θ θ greek small letter theta U+03B8
ι ι ι greek small letter iota U+03B9
κ κ κ greek small letter kappa U+03BA
λ λ λ greek small letter lambda U+03BB
μ μ μ greek small letter mu U+03BC
ν ν ν greek small letter nu U+03BD
ξ ξ ξ greek small letter xi U+03BE
ο ο ο greek small letter omicron U+03BF
π π π greek small letter pi U+03C0
ρ ρ ρ greek small letter rho U+03C1
ς ς ς greek small letter final sigma U+03C2
σ σ σ greek small letter sigma U+03C3
τ τ τ greek small letter tau U+03C4
υ υ υ greek small letter upsilon U+03C5
φ φ φ greek small letter phi U+03C6
χ χ χ greek small letter chi U+03C7
ψ ψ ψ greek small letter psi U+03C8
ω ω ω greek small letter omega U+03C9
ϑ ϑ ϑ greek small letter theta symbol U+03D1
ϒ ϒ ϒ greek upsilon with hook symbol U+03D2
ϖ ϖ ϖ greek pi symbol U+03D6
General Punctuation
• • bullet = black small circle U+2022
bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator, U+2219
… … horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader U+2026
′ ′ prime = minutes = feet U+2032
″ ″ double prime = seconds = inches U+2033
‾ ‾ overline = spacing overscore U+203E
⁄ ⁄ fraction slash U+2044
Letterlike Symbols
℘ ℘ script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p U+2118
ℑ ℑ blackletter capital I = imaginary part U+2111
ℜ ℜ blackletter capital R = real part symbol U+211C
™ ™ trade mark sign U+2122
ℵ ℵ alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal U+2135
alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef, U+05D0 although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters
Arrows
← ← leftwards arrow U+2190
↑ ↑ upwards arrow U+2191
→ → rightwards arrow U+2192
↓ ↓ downwards arrow U+2193
↔ ↔ left right arrow U+2194
↵ ↵ downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return U+21B5
⇐ ⇐ leftwards double arrow U+21D0
ISO 10646 does not say that lArr is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow but also does not have any other character for that function. So ? lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests
⇑ ⇑ upwards double arrow U+21D1
⇒ ⇒ rightwards double arrow U+21D2
ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so ? rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests
⇓ ⇓ downwards double arrow U+21D3
⇔ ⇔ left right double arrow U+21D4
Mathematical Operators
∀ ∀ for all U+2200
∂ ∂ partial differential U+2202
∃ ∃ there exists U+2203
∅ ∅ empty set = null set = diameter U+2205
∇ ∇ nabla = backward difference U+2207
∈ ∈ element of U+2208
∉ ∉ not an element of U+2209
∋ ∋ contains as member U+220B
should there be a more memorable name than 'ni'?
∏ ∏ n-ary product = product sign U+220F
prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 'greek capital letter pi' though the same glyph might be used for both
∑ ∑ n-ary sumation U+2211
sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both
− − minus sign U+2212
∗ ∗ asterisk operator U+2217
√ √ square root = radical sign U+221A
∝ ∝ proportional to U+221D
∞ ∞ infinity U+221E
∠ ∠ angle U+2220
∧ ∧ logical and = wedge U+2227
∨ ∨ logical or = vee U+2228
∩ ∩ intersection = cap U+2229
∪ ∪ union = cup U+222A
∫ ∫ integral U+222B
∴ ∴ therefore U+2234
∼ ∼ tilde operator = varies with = similar to U+223C
tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde, U+007E, although the same glyph might be used to represent both
≅ ≅ approximately equal to U+2245
≈ ≈ almost equal to = asymptotic to U+2248
≠ ≠ not equal to U+2260
≡ ≡ identical to U+2261
≤ ≤ less-than or equal to U+2264
≥ ≥ greater-than or equal to U+2265
⊂ ⊂ subset of U+2282
⊃ ⊃ superset of U+2283
note that nsup, 'not a superset of, U+2283' is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be, for symmetry? It is in ISOamsn
⊄ ⊄ not a subset of U+2284
⊆ ⊆ subset of or equal to U+2286
⊇ ⊇ superset of or equal to U+2287
⊕ ⊕ circled plus = direct sum U+2295
⊗ ⊗ circled times = vector product U+2297
⊥ ⊥ up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular U+22A5
⋅ ⋅ dot operator U+22C5
dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot
Miscellaneous Technical
⌈ ⌈ left ceiling = apl upstile U+2308
⌉ ⌉ right ceiling U+2309
⌊ ⌊ left floor = apl downstile U+230A
⌋ ⌋ right floor U+230B
⟨ 〈 left-pointing angle bracket = bra U+2329
lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark'
⟩ 〉 right-pointing angle bracket = ket U+232A
rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark'
Geometric Shapes
◊ ◊ lozenge U+25CA
Miscellaneous Symbols
♠ ♠ black spade suit U+2660
black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow
♣ ♣ black club suit = shamrock U+2663
♥ ♥ black heart suit = valentine U+2665
♦ ♦ black diamond suit U+2666
Special characters for HTML
C0 Controls and Basic Latin
" " " quotation mark = APL quote U+0022
& & & ampersand U+0026
< &lt; &#60; less-than sign U+003C
> &gt; &#62; greater-than sign U+003E
Latin Extended-A
Π&OElig; &#338; latin capital ligature OE U+0152
œ &oelig; &#339; latin small ligature oe U+0153
ligature is a misnomer, this is a separate character in some languages
&Scaron; &#352; latin capital letter S with caron U+0160
&scaron; &#353; latin small letter s with caron U+0161
Ÿ &Yuml; &#376; latin capital letter Y with diaeresis U+0178
Spacing Modifier Letters
ˆ &circ; &#710; modifier letter circumflex accent U+02C6
˜ &tilde; &#732; small tilde U+02DC
General Punctuation
&ensp; &#8194; en space U+2002
&emsp; &#8195; em space U+2003
&thinsp; &#8201; thin space U+2009
&zwnj; &#8204; zero width non-joiner U+200C
&zwj; &#8205; zero width joiner U+200D
&lrm; &#8206; left-to-right mark U+200E
&rlm; &#8207; right-to-left mark U+200F
&ndash; &#8211; en dash U+2013
&mdash; &#8212; em dash U+2014
&lsquo; &#8216; left single quotation mark U+2018
&rsquo; &#8217; right single quotation mark U+2019
&sbquo; &#8218; single low-9 quotation mark U+201A
&ldquo; &#8220; left double quotation mark U+201C
&rdquo; &#8221; right double quotation mark U+201D
&bdquo; &#8222; double low-9 quotation mark U+201E
&dagger; &#8224; dagger U+2020
&Dagger; &#8225; double dagger U+2021
&permil; &#8240; per mille sign U+2030
&lsaquo; &#8249; single left-pointing angle quotation mark U+2039
lsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized
&rsaquo; &#8250; single right-pointing angle quotation mark U+203A
rsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized
&euro; &#8364; euro sign U+20AC